I prefer a thinner cioppino broth so I always have extra clam or shrimp broth on hand, shrimp broth is one of my personal additions to the recipe.
You can add any seafood, but keep in mind that it is not necessary to (boil) the seafood, and the cooking times of each fish varies. I always separately steam the clams or mussels until they just pop open, reserving the steaming liquid to toss into the pot after straining for sand.
3/4 cup extra-virgin olive oil
8 large garlic cloves—6 finely chopped, 2 whole
3 jalapeños, seeded and minced (taste for heat and reduce if necessary)
2 red bell peppers, finely chopped
1 large onion, finely chopped (or 1 medium onion and two shallots)
1 large bay leaf
2 tablespoons tomato paste
1/2 cup dry red wine (white wine can also be used)
One 28-ounce can peeled tomatoes, finely chopped, juices reserved
Four 8-ounce bottles clam broth (I also add 2 cups shrimp broth)
1 1/2 cups water
Salt and freshly ground pepper
1/2 cup packed basil leaves
1/2 teaspoon crushed red pepper
4 steamed Dungeness crabs, about 2 pounds each (see Note) ( I used canned pasteurized crab or fresh picked blue crab from NC)
2 dozen littleneck clams, scrubbed
2 pounds firm, white-fleshed fish fillets such as halibut, skinned and cut into 1 1/2-inch chunks
2 pounds large shrimp, shelled and deveined
2 pounds mussels, scrubbed
1 pound sea scallops, halved vertically if large
Crusty bread, for serving
In a very large soup pot, heat 1/4 cup of the olive oil until shimmering. Add the chopped garlic, jalapeños, bell peppers, onion and bay leaf and cook, stirring occasionally, over moderately high heat until softened and beginning to brown, about 10 minutes. Add the tomato paste and cook, stirring, for 1 minute. Add the wine and cook until nearly evaporated, about 1 minute longer. Add the chopped tomatoes and their juices and cook over moderately high heat until slightly thickened, about 5 minutes. Add the clam broth and water, season lightly with salt and generously with pepper, and bring to a boil. Simmer over moderate heat until the broth is reduced to about 8 cups, about 20 minutes.
Meanwhile, in a mini food processor, combine the basil leaves with the whole garlic and process until the garlic is finely chopped. Add the remaining 1/2 cup of olive oil and the crushed red pepper and process the basil puree until smooth. Season with salt and pepper.
Working over the sink, pull off the flap on the undersides of the crabs. Remove the top shells and discard. Pry out the brownish insides and pull off the feathery lungs and discard. Rinse the crab bodies in cold water and quarter them so that each piece has body and leg.
Add the crabs and clams to the pot. Cover and cook over high heat, stirring occasionally, until the clams begin to open, about 5 minutes. Using tongs, transfer the crabs to a large platter. Add the fish, shrimp, mussels and scallops to the pot, pushing them into the broth. Return the crabs to the pot, cover and cook, stirring occasionally, until the clams and mussels are fully open and the fish, shrimp and scallops are cooked through, about 8 minutes longer.
Ladle the cioppino into deep bowls and drizzle each serving with some of the basil puree. Serve with crusty bread and pass the remaining basil puree separately.
MAKE AHEAD The Dungeness crab cioppino can be prepared through Step 1 and refrigerated for up to 3 days. NOTES Have the fish monger steam the crabs for you.
For this cioppino, choose a dry Barbera from Italy’s Piedmont. Its medium-bodied fresh fruitiness will taste great both in the recipe and served with it.
FROM RECIPE OF THE DAY ARCHIVE: DECEMBER 2010 RECIPES, MICHAEL MINA’S LUXURIOUS CHRISTMAS WEEKEND
PUBLISHED DECEMBER 2005